[6], It was later involved in the Battle of the Somme in July 1916, where in the opening phase as part of VII Corps, the southernmost corps of the British Third Army, the Division took part in the diversionary attack at Gommecourt on the first day on the Somme, 1 July 1916, which was a catastrophic failure resulting in heavy losses. Demobilized 31 July 1922 Once at Thala, they covered the withdrawal of American and British forces, repulsed a German tank attack late on 20 February after heavy fighting that saw German units penetrate their position, and aided in the subsequent defence of the town. The brigades arrived in Algeria on 17 January. The division then moved into Austria as part of the Allied occupation force. The Imperial War Museum wrote that "in addition, the oak was seen as an emblem of strength and reliability. The river did not prove to be much of a defensive position, being less than 3 ft (0.91 m) deep. The division arrived on 24 April, came under command of HQ Lines of Communication, British Expeditionary Force, alongside the 12th (Eastern) and 23rd (Northumbrian) divisions. During the fighting in Italy the 46th Division suffered over 9,200 casualties, including 1,447 officers and men killed in action, with a further 6,476 wounded and 1,957 missing. Fighting raged until 3 March, by which time the brigade had halted the German effort to capture Béja and destroyed at least 11 tanks. [14][23] The division's battalions were largely drawn from the English North Midlands. [8][12] This process was dubbed "duplicating". On 20 May, elements of the 46th took part on the victory parade in Tunis. Organized 4 June 1917 at Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana (46th Infantry assigned 5 July 1918 to the 9th Division; relieved 15 February 1919 from assignment to the 9th Division) Inactivated 16 November 1921 at Camp Travis, Texas. Montagu-Stuart-Wortley. This unit was created to mislead the Germans in beleaving that the Allied-forces would land near Calais. It remained there into 1941 and then participated in the invasion of Yugoslavia in April. Additional proposals for an assault on France included Operation Sledgehammer. Each battalion took with them four 2 in (51 mm) mortars, 18 Bren light machine guns, 10 Boys anti-tank rifles, and 12 trucks. On 21 April, Axis forces launched a minor spoiling attack that was repelled, before the division attacked. 46th Infantry Division Patch. [78], From there on the 46th Division, from August under the command of Major-General John Hawkesworth, fought throughout the Italian Campaign in late 1943 with both the U.S. Fifth Army and the Eighth Army, fighting in tough battles such as that at the initial Salerno landings in September 1943, followed by fighting at the Volturno Line, the Winter Line, the Bernhardt Line, First Battle of Monte Cassino and later the Gothic Line. Further back and forth fighting followed as the division was called upon to clear additional Axis positions. [68][69] The Axis offensive expanded, with the Battle of Kasserine Pass. [67], On 10 January, the 139th Infantry Brigade launched a minor attack upon Italian positions, but further efforts were postponed by an Axis offensive. Originally called the North Midland Division, it was redesignated as the 46th Division in May 1915. The Staffordshire Brigade was composed of battalions of the South Staffordshire Regiment and the Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment). Key locations in Tunisia, in reference to division's actions. North Midland Divisional Ambulance Workshop. [74][75], On 2 April, the 128th Brigade moved 100 miles (160 km) south to assist in an attack towards Pichon, near Kairouan. [citation needed] Six days later, the war in Europe ended. History. Worn: 1946 - Current The division was organized in May 1947 at Lansing, Michigan. The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during the Second World War, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece. It was replaced on 15 August, by the 128th Infantry Brigade. It was initially headquartered at Lansing. It fought in the invasion of Poland in 1939, and the following year participated in the Battle of France. Curtis, was sent to France to join the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). Most notably, they record the 137th Brigade suffering "grievous casualties" when German forces broke through their positions on the La Bassée Canal. The division took control of the 137th, the 138th, and the 139th Infantry Brigades, in addition to supporting divisional units, which had previously been administered by the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division. The 46th Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, that saw service in the First World War. Montagu-Stuart-Wortley. During the month, the division was inspected by George VI, who the divisional history recorded "wished us all "Good Luck, a victorious campaign and a safe return home". Hudson's son, quoting from material left behind by his father, argued that this was the result of personal differences between him and his Corps commander Lieutenant-General, The Battle School was a two-week training course, which included observing and practising, Combe replaced an unknown interim acting GOC, 115th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 51st (Westmoreland and Cumberland Yeomanry) Field Regiment, 115th (East Yorks) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, List of British divisions in World War II, British Army Order of Battle (September 1939), Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, "badge, formation, 46th (North Midland and West Riding) Infantry Division", Multi-National Division (South-West) (Bosnia), Multi-National Division (South-East) (Iraq), British deception formations in World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=46th_Infantry_Division_(United_Kingdom)&oldid=1000183189, Infantry divisions of the British Army in World War II, Military units and formations established in 1939, Military units and formations disestablished in 1946, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 2/7th Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment, 137th Infantry Brigade Anti-Tank Company (formed 12 July 1940, until 28 November 1941), 138th Infantry Brigade Anti-Tank Company (formed 22 July 1940, until 10 July 1941), 9th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (until 28 December 1940), 139th Infantry Brigade Anti-Tank Company (formed 17 August 1940, until 10 July 1941), 2/4th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment (left 9 May 1943), 2nd Battalion Hampshire Regiment (from 10 May 1943), 122nd (West Riding) Field Regiment (left 12 July 1940), 123rd (West Riding) Field Regimen (left 12 July 1940), 70th (West Riding) Field Regiment (from 30 July 1940), 71st (West Riding) Field Regiment (from 30 July 1940), 68th Anti-Tank Regiment (until 30 June 1940), 58th (The Duke of Wellington's) Anti-Tank Regiment (from 30 July 1940), 201st Bridging Platoon (from 4 April 1944), This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 00:32. 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